Economic Outlook 3 2022

Nordea Economic Outlook: Feeling the Squeeze

Press releases | 07-09-2022 09:00

The energy crisis has hit the European economy hard, and the risk of a recession in the Euro area is real. Inflation has reached the highest level since the early 1980s, and central banks seem determined to fight it through aggressive monetary policy. This is also the case in the Nordic countries where housing markets face a sharp slowdown, says Helge Pedersen, Nordea Group Chief Economist.  

The Nordic economies have recovered strongly from the pandemic but are now being hit by the sharp increase in cost of living and the uncertain economic environment. The common denominator for the Nordic countries is their strong starting point before Russia's invasion of Ukraine, thanks to high personal savings, strong public finances and robust job creation, which have continued up to now. This gives the economies a buffer and some degree of resilience during this dramatic time in world history.

Danish households feel the impact of falling purchasing power, and businesses are hurting from the global slowdown. Still, the economy is well braced for a period with headwinds. We expect a decline in housing prices of 5-10% from their current level, although uncertainty is high.

The Finnish economy fared well in the first half of 2022, but the outlook is deteriorating. The rise in interest rates and slowdown in the housing market are hurting construction, while high energy prices are limiting household consumption. Expect growth to slow in the latter half of 2022.  

High price growth and rising interest rates make these tough times for Norwegian households. The impact on consumer spending will be mitigated by lower savings and more people in paid work. Unemployment could rise somewhat but will likely stay very low. High gas and oil prices will mean huge income for Norway and activity in the oil sector is expected to surge.

The Swedish economy is weakening from a very strong position. Rate hikes and high inflation put a damper on the economy, and unemployment will rise. We expect a stabilisation in 2024, but the recovery will be slow as the economy gradually adjusts to higher interest rates.

Read Economic Outlook here

GDP growth forecast, % year-on-year

 

2020

2021

2022E

2023E

2024E

World

-3.1

6.0

3.1

2.3

2.6

Nordics

-2.3

4.4

2.8

0.2

1.3

Denmark

-2.0

4.9

2.5

0.5

1.8

Finland

-2.2

3.0

2.5

0.0

1.5

Norway

-2.3

4.1

3.2

1.0

1.3

Sweden

-2.4

4.9

3.0

-0.5

1.0

Source: Nordea Markets

For further information: 

Helge J. Pedersen, Group Chief Economist, Tel: +45 55471532 | Mob: +45 22697912
E-mail: helge.pedersen [at] nordea.com
 
We are a universal bank with a 200-year history of supporting and growing the Nordic economies – enabling dreams and aspirations for a greater good. Every day, we work to support our customers’ financial development, delivering best-in-class omnichannel customer experiences and driving sustainable change. The Nordea share is listed on the Nasdaq Helsinki, Nasdaq Copenhagen and Nasdaq Stockholm exchanges. Read more about us at nordea.com.

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Financial waters are choppy as crosscurrents from high inflation, rising interest rates and recession fears challenge the global economy and markets. Find out what to expect when we release the Nordea Economic Outlook on 7 September, with our latest analyses and projections for the Nordic and global economies.

Join us for a webinar in English with Group Chief Economist Helge J. Pedersen.

Date: 7 September 2022
Time: 12:00 CET
Duration: 30 minutes with Q&A
Language: English

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